Prior to 1988, the railways and associated road motor services in Namibia were operated by the South African Railways administration. On 1 July 1988, the responsibility was handed over to the newly formed Namibian National Transport Corporation. Ten years later, TransNamib Holdings Limited was established.
Today the country’s railways cover some 2,628km. The line to Luderitz has been out of use for a number of years but the 140km west of Aus is currently being reconstructed for return to service in 2014. The 389km section from Kranzberg (210km from Windhoek on the main-line to Walvis Bay) to Tsumeb requires substantial rehabilitation, as do the branches to Outjo (72km) and Grootfontein (91km). Passenger service on these lines – constructed when the narrow gauge was replaced in the early sixties – has been suspended temporarily for safety reasons.
Conveyance of containers throughout the territory is served by terminal facilities at key points, e.g. Windhoek, Ondangwa, Oshikango, Keetmanshoop, Aus, Otjiwarongo, Tsumeb and Grootfontein, all of which have 45-ton reach-stackers and gantry cranes.